英語の記事を毎週読むのが英語上達に役立つ

----------------------------------------------------------

■Et tu, Brute?


J - Janice, R - Riko


A GV and a learner talk about Roman history.


R: My history class was quite fascinating today.

J:  What did you learn about?

R: Guess! I’ll give you a few clues. He was a great military leader,

     he was abducted by pirates, and he is a healthy snack.

J:  A snack?! Was he eaten by cannibals?

R  (laughs): No, silly! I’m talking about Julius Caesar.

J:  Oh, right! (pause) Wait, how is Julius Caesar a snack?

R: Caesar salad, of course!

J  (laughs): You’re so corny! Well, what did you learn about Caesar?

R: I learned that he was a very formidable man. He had a great role

     in the reformation of the Roman Empire.

J:  He was also a conqueror. Veni, vidi, vici is a Latin phrase

     attributed to him.

R: Yeah, that’s right. Is the term ‘backstabbing’ also because of him?

J:  Hmm, I don’t think so. I can see how it’s appropriate, though.

R: Actually, I’m more interested in Marcus Brutus. He was one of

     Caesar’s most trusted members in the Senate, and yet Brutus

     stabbed him.

J:  Most of the senators stabbed him.

R: Yeah, but he took a leading role in Caesar’s assassination.

    That’s not really something you would do to a friend.

J:  I sure hope not! You know, though, this has been a popular topic of

    debate for centuries. Brutus has even been turned into a literary figure.

R: Oh, in William Shakespeare’s play, right?

J:  Yes. He was quite a sympathetic character in that play. Shakespeare

     depicted him as a man who prioritized Rome above all else, even

     his close friend.

R: Ah, but then there’s Dante Alighieri, who put him in the Ninth Circle

    of Hell for treachery. Killing someone is not good, but I think it’s worse

    if you kill a friend who trusted you.

J: Yes, exactly. It’s a really complex topic, isn’t it?




●Vocabulary


Et tu, Brute?     ブルータスよ、お前か(シーザーが暗殺される時

            空いたの中に信頼していたブルータスを見い出して

            発したとされる言葉。信頼していた者に裏切られた

                時に用いられる )

fascinating      興味深い、興味をそそる

abducted        誘拐される、拉致される

snack          軽い食事、軽食

cannibals        食い族

silly         おかしな、馬鹿げた

corny        (冗談が)陳腐な、つまらない

formidable        手ごわい、恐るべき

reformation       改革

conqueror        征服者

Veni, vidi, vici   「来た、見た、勝った」(ポントスの戦いの後の凱旋で

                        のシーザーの名言)

attributed        ~をゆえんとした、帰した

backstabbing     (人への)裏切り、背信

appropriate       妥当な、ふさわしい

leading role      指導者的役割

assassination      暗殺

debate          議論、論争

literary figure    文学に出てくる人物

sympathetic       同情(共感)を引き起こす

depicted         描写(表現)した、

prioritized      優先した

above all else     何よりも、何をおいても

Ninth Circle of Hell  地獄の最下層

treachery        裏切り

complex          複雑な、込み入った




●Comprehension Questions


1. What did Riko learn about in her history class?

 a. Egyptian history

 b. Roman history